affordable care act

Beware of the 3.8% Medicare Surtax for Estates and Trusts

Ever since the United States Supreme Court upheld the Affordable Care Act, most of the focus has been on how this increased tax effects individual taxpayers.  As determined by this decision, individual taxpayers with modified adjusted gross income over $200,000 (or $250,000 for married taxpayers) are subject to an increased 3.8%  Medicare surtax on certain investment income beginning in 2013.


Little focus has been given on how this increased Medicare surtax will increase tax liabilities for trusts and estates.  Income in an irrevocable trust is either taxed to the trust or to the trust beneficiaries.  If income in the trust or estate is accumulated at the trust or estate level, then the trust or estate pays the income tax.  If the income is distributed to the beneficiaries, however, the trust receives an income tax deduction for the amount of the distributable net income (DNI) and the beneficiaries report the taxable income. 


In the case of a trust or estate, the 3.8% Medicare surcharge is imposed on the lesser of either undistributed net investment income or the excess of adjusted gross income over the highest estate or trust income tax bracket.  For 2013, the highest trust income tax bracket begins at $11,950, […]

Increase in the Small Business Tax Credit

Under the Affordable Care Act (ACA), some small businesses may qualify for a small business tax credit. To be eligible, you must cover at least 50 percent of the cost of single (not family) health care coverage for each of your employees. You must also have 24 or fewer full-time equivalent employees and those employees must have average wages of less than $50,000 per year. In 2014, the tax credit goes up to 50 percent and will be available to qualified small businesses that purchase coverage through the new health insurance marketplaces in each state, called the Small Business Health Options Program (SHOP).

The SHOP marketplace will be open in October of 2013 for coverage that takes effect on January 1, 2014, or later.

For more info, click here. 

Written by Mike Musson, CPA, Partner LinkedIn Profile

Tax Increases Coming in 2012 under Affordable Care Act

Tax Increases Coming in 2012 under Affordable Care Act
Fast forward to next year and we are looking at a number of important tax increases on the horizon. The tax increases falls under the the Affordable Care Act (the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, P.L. 111-148, and the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010, P.L. 111-152), and include higher Medicare taxes for high earners, a 3.8% surtax on unearned income of higher-income individuals and caps on FSA contributions. Companies also get to look forward to compliance issues, along with new health insurance deduction limitations and fees.
Increased Medicare tax for high-earning workers and self-employed taxpayers. For the tax year beginning after 2012, an additional 0.9% hospital insurance tax applies to wages and self employment income in excess of $250,000 for joint returns, $125,000 for married filing separately and $200,000 in all other cases.
Surtax on unearned income of higher-income individuals. Starting in 2013, an unearned income Medicare contribution tax is imposed on individuals, estates, and trusts. The tax is 3.8% of the lesser of either (1) net investment income or (2) the excess of modified adjusted gross income over the threshold amount ($250,000 for a […]